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Osteoporosis is a condition whereby bone resorption occurs more than bone formation, leading to poor bone health and increased fracture risk.

The disease is common as individuals age, but can occur in other situations such as:

- Drug induced (e.g. by continuous exposure to moderate and higher dose steroids)

- Hormone induced (e.g. by premature menopause or low testosterone states)

- Malabsorption induced (e.g. where the body does not adequately absorb enough nutrients through the gut. Examples include conditions such as Crohns disease, Ulcerative colitis and Coeliacs disease).

Osteoporosis is diagnosed by bone mineral density that may be ordered by your GP or specialist, or by an event such as a low-trauma fracture (that is a fracture sustained after a fall from a standing height).

Risk for a fracture can be estimated using theFracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX)

Multiple treatment options are now available and the risks and benefits should be discussed with your GP and specialist.